CHAPTER ITHE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUNDINTRODUCTION
Let us think of education as the means of developing our greatest abilities, because ineach of us there is a private hope and dream which, fulfilled, can be translated into benefit for everyone and greater strength for our nation.
-John F. KennedyThe ideal career combines the dream of what a person wants to be with the reality of finding and working at a job that leads to that aim.Picking a career is the most important decision the average student makes. It shouldinvolve a self-critical analysis: Where does my talent lie, How can I hone it, and what is thereality of earning a living by using it?Some lucky persons, definitely in the minority know exactly what they want to be-Doctor, Lawyer, Nurse, Investment Banker, Engineer and Writer. Most people of college age totend to be confused, even about what major to choose, according to Dr. Edward Jennings,President of Ohio State University.If, after graduating, you find that the realities of the Job market require that you take a
Job you don‘t like, try to keep the vision of what you really want and love in front of you, and
over the years try to keep prepared and alert so that you can seize the opportunity if it comes.Along the way you can find plenty of advice because career planning is a relatively new field,growing more professional all the time.To the Filipino, knowledge is acquired through education. And most of us generallyagree that education can be obtained inside and outside school. We believe that the primarysources of knowledge are the schools. Thus, the higher a person achieve on the formal
A problem statement describes a problem or issue that needs to be solved in your dissertation.
Before you write a problem statement, you should always define the problem that you will address in your dissertation.
See an example of a problem definition
You need it for two main reasons:
- The problem statement is the stepping-stone to your main research question. If you haven’t identified a problem, you cannot formulate the question you will explore.
- The problem statement gives you focus and makes you hone in on something very particular.
Once you have done some research and defined your research problem, you should have an idea of what specifically within the larger problem you want to address. The next step is then to transform this into a problem statement that clearly explains the problem you will help solve and demonstrates the relevance of your research.
The problem statement does not have to be limited to a single sentence. It may also be described in a short paragraph.
Example of a problem expressed in one sentence
The teachers at the Middletown school do not have the skills to recognize or properly guide gifted children in the classroom.
Example of a problem expressed in a brief paragraph
The employees of the Rabobank Netherlands are unmotivated following the announcement of a new round of layoffs. At the same time, their workload continues to be high. Illness-related absenteeism seems to be increasing, but the HR department does not currently have the tools to monitor, assess and prevent the problem.
What makes a problem statement good?
A good problem statement is based on a thoughtful problem definition and clearly indicates:
- Where the problem is occurring; and
- What the problem is.
The statement must also:
- Focus on one problem;
- Be written explicitly; and
- Be relevant
An objective is also necessary
In addition to identifying your problem, you also need to set an objective that will guide your research and justify why it needs to be undertaken.
Once you have written your problem statement, you are ready to create your main research question and related sub-questions.
Be careful: Although the problem statement and your main research question are closely linked, they are not the same thing.
|Problem statement||Main research question|
|The teachers at the Middletown school do not have the skills to recognize or properly guide gifted children in the classroom.||What practical techniques can teachers use to better identify and guide gifted children?|
Some universities may combine the concepts of a problem statement and main research question. Always take care that you are referring to the right item in your writing and when you communicate with your supervisor.
Learn more about main research questions