Popularising agro-ecological practices and sustainable agriculture and making farming stress-free for small farmers and agricultural labour.
Agriculture continues to be an important source of livelihood for almost two third of India’s rural population.But the sector is in huge distress. According to the 2011 Census, the number of farmers has gone down by nearly 9 million since 2001.Acclaimed Indian journalist and the Ramon Magsaysay awardee, P Sainath who writes on social issues has analysed Census figures to show that 2035 farmers are quitting farming everyday in our country. The reasons behind this trend are many — including increasing input cost, inadequate support price, lack of both institutional credit and comprehensive risk coverage, and lack of investment in the agrarian sector. The most tragic consequence of this neglect are farmer suicides. From 1995 to 2013, a total of 296,438 Indian farmers have committed suicide – which translates into almost 42 farmer suicides a day.
Some people argue that India should replicate the population shift away from agriculture seen in developed economies, however that is now a historical impossibility and an ecological dead-end. Industrialised agriculture has created ecological crises in the form of lowering water tables, the spread of dangerous pesticides have ruined ecosystems. At the same time food prices have increased and the small farmer has found agricultural too risky and with very low returns. Farmer suicides are a symptom of the extreme distress faced in the agrarian sector.
We need to build agriculture into a stress-free, ecologically sound and sustainable process that provides dignified livelihood and also builds both food security and food sovereignty for all.
ActionAidIndia with its allied organisations is working towards:
- Creating sustainable solutions for farmers,
- reducing drudgery in agriculture by promoting appropriate technology,
- preserving seed diversity, building seed banks and ensure farmers’ access to good seeds,
- encouraging agro-ecological practices and low input processes of crop intensification,
- preserving pasture lands, forests, water bodies as commons to ensure ecological diversity within which low ecological impact agriculture can be practiced,
- Building farming and producer collectives so that agriculturalists can increase earnings from agriculture.
“It was not that people were happy with the pesticides and the chemical fertilizers, but they had lost contact with their traditional practices. Particularly, the new generation farmers do not have the knowledge of the sustainable farming practiced decades ago.”
– TapanBaishya of LOTUS, an organisation allied with ActionAidIndia in Assam.
ActionAid has accomplished the following in recent years:
- 4457 men and more than 3000 women are today practising sustainable forms of agriculture in the areas we work in
- Indigenous seeds are now stored in 200 villages promoting the practice of conserving indegenous seeds.
Life of a Farmer
Introduction: The farmer is one of the most useful people of since the beginning of civilization. We all depend upon agriculture to meet our requirement of food. We get our food because the farmer grows crops and carries the agricultural activities. Though, they feed the entire humanity, their life conditions are far from satisfactory.
Tough life: The life of a farmer is very tough. He works very hard day and night in all seasons. During summer, he works under the heat of the sun. During winter season, he gets wet while ploughing the field. During winter, he carries on his hard work in spite of the dull and cold weather.
Dependent upon nature: The life of a farmer is much dependent upon forces of nature. For agriculture, adequate monsoon is required. If the rainfall is adequate, the agricultural output would be good.
However, inadequate rainfall and long-spell of scarcity of water may result into drought situation. As a result, agriculture may get negative affected and there may be acute shortage of food leading to famines.
Economic factors: The farmer earns money by selling his crops. He remains happy if the crops are good. But, if the crops fail, then his life becomes miserable.
A farmer suffers even if there is abnormal increase in production homogeneously at all places. In such cases, the selling price of the crops goes down and the excess crops get wasted.
Also read: Short Paragraph on Farmer
Literacy: Most of the farmers of our country are illiterate. They can’t read or write. Since they are not educated, they are unaware of their legitimate rights. They are often cheated by money-lenders.
Poor Hygiene and Sanitation: They have little education and awareness about the benefits of maintaining a good hygienic environment.
- Most farmers have no knowledge of the fact that drinking impure water may lead to health issues.
- Also, there is inadequate sewage disposal system in our villages.
- There is less than adequate medical facilities or trained nurses and doctors in rural areas.
Also read: Poor Condition of Farmers in India
Conclusion: Most of the farmers are simple, hard-working, sincere and honest people. They always remain at the mercy of nature and God.
The Government has introduced several schemes for the benefit of the farmers. Let’s hope that these benefits will actually reach the farmers.
Category: Essays, Paragraphs and Articles