Proportion Of Population Aged 65 And Over Essay Topics

Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 93 - Proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040

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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Line Graph:

» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main feature and make comparisons where relevant.

» You should write at least 150 words.


Sample Answer 1:
The line graph depicts the percentage of senior citizens, who are older than 65 years, over a century in three countries, namely- the United States, Sweden and Japan, from 1940 and also gives projection till 2040. A glance at the graph makes it clear that Japan will have more percentage of the aged population in the future despite its fewer percentage of this population in the early 40s and one-fourth of the world population will be older people in 2040.

The illustration shows that the average old population in 1940 was between 5 to 10 percent in all the three countries and the USA had the highest percentage of aged people while it was lowest in Japan. The ageing population in the USA grew steadily and reached up to 15% in the year 2000. It is expected to be doubled and reach nearly 25% in 2040. Similarly, in Sweden, the percentage of aged people grew from about 7% in 1940 to 15% in 2000 and is heading towards 25% in 2040. In contrast, the aged population in Japan remained the lowest, which was less than 5% until 2005 and expected to grow and reach the highest point, about 30 percentage, in 2040. The graph clearly reveals that the ratio of aged population will increase in 2040 and almost one of every four citizens in these three countries would be over 65 years old in 2040.

[Written by - Shalley Daniel]

Sample Answer 2:
The given line graph compares the aged people of Sweden, the USA and Japan from 1940 and gives projection till 2040.

As is observed from the line graph, initially in 1940, the proportion of aged people who were over 64 years old was between 5 to 10 percent. This rate kept on increasing in the USA and Sweden while decreased in Japan. After 40 years in 1989, this percentage was around 15% both in Sweden and the USA while it was only 2-3% in Japan. The more the aged people in a country the better the life expectancy and medical improvement and this indicated the improvement in the USA and Sweden while downgrade trend in Japan. But after 2000, the rate of aged people in Japan kept increasing sharply and it is projected that in 2040 the number of aged people would surplus the number in Sweden and the USA though these latter two countries would also have more aged people in this coming years they have now. This also forecasts the life expectancy and medical advancement in Japan after 2030.


Sample Answer 3:
The line graph illustrates the percentage of citizens who aged 65 or above in three various nations from 1940 to 2040.

Overall, it is clearly shown that the proportion of the population who aged 65 or above in the USA and Sweden increases from 1940 to 2040 with slight drops in between whereas that in Japan decreases starting from 1940 to 1980 before a sharp rise in the number of elderly people in that country.

Initially, in 1940, there was a higher percentage of older people living in the USA (just below 10%) than Sweden (around 7%), it was then followed by Japan with only 5%. In the USA, there was an increasing trend in the proportion of elderly people from 1940 to 1980 and decreased slightly. However, it is predicted that the figure for this will eventually rise until 2040. A similar pattern can also be observed for the result obtained in Sweden, the figure for the percentage of older people increases from 1940 to 2040 with two gradual dips from 1980 to 1990 and from 2010 to 2025.

Turning to Japan, it is apparent that there was a slight decline in the proportion of older people from 1940 to 1990 before it showed an upward trend. It is believed that the figure will soar dramatically from 2030 onwards and reached its peak in 2040. Lastly, Japan will become the country with most elderly people among the three nations and USA is the least.

[ Written by - Lee Wing Qeen ]


Sample Answer 4:
The presented line graph demonstrates proportion of senior citizen in the USA, Japan, and Sweden in a century period between 1940 and 2040. In general, there has been an increase of elder population in all countries observed since 1940 and is predicted to jump up gradually until 2040.

Looking at the detail, in Sweden, the population of seniors had gradually increased since 1940. It was about 7% in 1940 and has been improved gradually year to year.

Furthermore, it is forecasted that the proportion will keep growing and will hit nearly four times higher, about 25%, in 2040. On the other hand, the USA also showed a rise in the proportion of elderly. It was only started at about 9% in 1940 and has been swelled essentially and is predicted to hit 20% in 2014.

Meanwhile, Japan showed an incredible trend of proportion. It was about 5% in 1940 and slowly had declined until around 2005 when it reached almost the same figure as in 1940, and has been dramatically increased and will rise continually to over 5 times higher, around 27%, in 2040. 

[ Written by - Linda ]


Sample Answer 5:
The provided illustration reveals data about the percentages of people who were elderly in three countries. This research was conducted to looking further information in three different nations; they were Japan, Sweden and USA. All of the samples were aged 65 and over, whereas, the data provide a view in the long term which is 100 years.

Firstly, older population in Sweden and USA had a small difference in 1940 because they were both approximately 10% of the total population. These countries had a steady improvement for several years in terms of their number of elderly people. Meanwhile, they are predicted to have a similar result in 2040; their elder generation will rise around 25% in that year.

Secondly, Japan was position as the lowest ranked nation in 1940 which had less old people than the other two countries. Over the year, Japan will have the largest proportion of elder people in the future. According to the given figures, Japan will notice an increase in 2020 to 2040 in terms of their elder generation proportion. It will put Japan to have an aged population with more than 25%.

Lastly, all of the nations will have more proportion of elderly people in the coming years which indicate the enhanced life expectancy.

[ Written by - Waode Eti  ]


Sample Answer 6:
The graph compares the growth of population aged 65 and over in Japan, Sweden, and America from 1940 to 2040. According to the graph, it can be clearly seen that although initially Japan’s ageing population ratio was lower than that of Sweden and USA and will remain so till 2030. But it is predicted that elder people’s percentage in Japan will increases significantly afterwards.

Based on the graph, between 1940 and 1980, Japan’s elderly population remained below 5% of total population in contrast to Sweden and USA. Senior citizens in later two countries grew gradually above 10% respective to the overall population. When Sweden and USA’s elderly population percentages slightly dropped in 1990, Japan started to show an increase in its population aged 65 and over. Further, In 2010, elderly people in Sweden and Japan rose to 20% and 7% respectively while USA’s percentage remained the same i.e. 15% in that period. Despite Sweden’s temporary drop, the population of elders will keep going up dramatically, particularly after 2020 and will peak in 2040. After 2030 Japan’s elderly population percentage will grow more than double to above 25% and that will place Japan in the highest position in terms of senior citizen ratio followed by Sweden (25%) and USA (23%).

[ Written by - Sukma Wati ]


Sample Answer 7:
The percentage of elderly people, aged 65 and over, from the year 1940 and projection till 2040 in three countries-  Japan, Sweden, and United States of America is illustrated in the given diagram.

Based on the chart it can be seen that Japan had the lowest percentage of people who aged 65 and over in the year of 1940. It is surprising that Japan estimates that they will have the highest percentage of these elderly people in 2040.

By looking at the detail, in 1940, Japan had only 5% elderly people compared with the USA, where 10% of total population was over 64 years old. While the proportion of elderly progressively increased in Sweden and the USA, the number of elders in Japan decreased till the end of the 80s. After 1980, the proportion of the elderly population in Japan dramatically increased and it is estimated to extremely raise after 2020. In 2040, Japan will be the land of the highest percentage of elders.

Looking at the elderly people's percentages in two other countries- Sweden and the USA, it can be stated that, the proportion steadily increased and it is predicted that this percentage will keep on increasing. In 1940 the percentages of elderly in Sweden and the USA were about 6% and 9% respectively and it is estimated that these will reach to about one-fourth of the total population.

[ Written by - Nur Fadhilah ]

The table illustrates the proportion of the population who are aged 65 and above in three countries (Canada, Germany and the UK). The figures are compared from past and also includes information with future estimation on these population group.

Overall, these age group is predicted to have a gradual increase in their percentage in all the three countries. It is clear from the given data that, in Germany, the population of aged people who are 65 and above are higher compared to Canada and the UK in all the periods given and estimated to be the same in the future.

During 1988 and 2000, the figures of this population group (65 and above) in Germany and Canada accounted for 20.45% and 16.32% respectively and increased by around 5% in 2000. Surprisingly, there was only minimal change over this decade in this age group in the United Kingdom at about less than 1%.

Furthermore, it is projected that, by 2030, the amount of people aged 65 and above will rise steadily for about 5% in all these three countries. Among these countries population with the age 65 and plus, Germans predicted to be at the top at 30.42% followed by Canadians (26.35%) and at the last Britons (20.35%).

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