Pielaszek Research Papers


HOME PAGE of Ryszard Kutner: CV 

Born in Łódź, Poland, 15 April 1947, married with Anna Maria Sobolska-Kutner, one daughter Joanna Elżbieta Kutner-Pielaszek married with Roman Pielaszek, two grandsons Filip and Adam and one granddaughter Paulina

Tenure Professor (the title of professor of physical sciences from 2011 year)

Position: Professor on the Chair of Econo- and Sociophysics Group in Division of Biomedical Physics, Institute of Experimental Physics,  Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 5, PL-02093 Warsaw, Poland





Member of the Polish Physical Society (PPS) and European Physical Society (EPS)

Chairman of the Polish Physical Society Section of Physics in Economy and Social Sciences


Coorganizer  of the cyclic Polish Symposiums on Physics in Economy and Social Sciences systematically from 2004


Statistics(from scholar.google.com)

total number of my publications = 173 (according PBN)

h-index = 24

i10-index = 41  (concerning papers' citations not less than 10 times)

number of paper cited not less than 100 times = 7

total number of citations = 2518

number of citations for last 5 year = 644

maksimal number of citations of a single paper = 279

Attention: The corresponding results taken from the Web of Science reduces all above given results (to good approximation) by 15%.

Educational, academic and scientific experience

•Master thesis at University of Warsaw (1970)

•Research scientist at Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw (1970-1977)

•PhD at Faculty of Physics University of Warsaw (1977)

•Post-Doc (on Henrich Hertz fund) in Kurt Binder and Klaus Kehr Group, Institut für Festkörperforschung, Kernfoschungsanlage (now Forschungszentrum) Jülich, Germany, (1979-1981).

•Researcher in Kurt Binder and Klaus Kehr group, Institut für Festkörperforschung, Kernfoschungsanlage (now Forschungszentrum) Jülich, Germany, (1983-85).

•Habilitation at Faculty of Physics University of Warsaw (1985)

•Invited lecture in Wolfgang Dieterich group, Faculty of Physics, Konstanz University, Germany (1991).

•Researcher in Kazuo Kitahara group, Department of Applied Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan (1991)

•Visiting professor: Konstanz University (1993-1995).

•Invited lecture in Joel Lebowitz group, Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics, Center for Mathematical Sciences Research, Rutgers University, US (1999)

•Invited lecture in Eugene Stanley group, Center for Polimer Studies, Department of Physics, Boston University (1999).

•Invited lecture in Wolfgang Dieterich group, Faculty of Physics, University of Konstanz, Germany (2002)

•Invited lecture in Katarzyna Sznajd-Weron group, Institute of Physics, Wrocław University (2010).

•Invited talk on 38th International Max Born Symposium, Wrocław (2017).

•Invited talk on International Conference on Econophysics, East China University on Science and Technology, Shanghai (2017).

•Invited lecture on 54 International Winter School of Theoretical Physics (Institute of Theoretical Physics, Wrocław University), Lądek Zdrój (2018).

•Several other invited talks and lectures on domestic and international conferences, symposiums and schools.

•Referee and distinguished referee of several scientific international journals (Physica A, The European Physical Journal B, Physical Review E, Physical Review Letters, European Journal of Physics, Journal of Physics A, Physics Letters A, New Journal of Physics, European Physics Letters, ... )

•Several systematic lectures for graduate and PhD students of Faculty of Physics University of Warsaw from about two decades to now - see USOS web:


•Promoted dozens bachelors and masters theses; also 5 doctoral dissertations - see USOS web (login and password delivered separately):


Currently, a supervisor of 4  PhD-students and several master and bachelor ones.


•Reviewer dozens of doctoral, graduate and undergraduate theses and reviewer of  Centralna Komisja do Spraw Stopni i Tytułów in a few habilitation procedures as well  chairman in such procedures as a referee in procedures concerning the title of professor.

•The member of Kapituła d/s Nagród Naukowych Polskiego Towarzystwa Fizycznego.

Lectures and seminars (from 2005 year to now) https://usosweb.uw.edu.pl/kontroler.php?_action=katalog2/osoby/pokazOsobe&os_id=3025

Winter semester

  1. Symulacje komputerowe w fizyce z przykładami (kod w USOS: 1101-5Eko11), 30h, wykład specjalistyczny.
  2. Niegaussowskie procesy stochastyczne w naukach przyrodniczych z elementami ekono- i socjofizyki (kod w USOS: 1101-5Eko12), 30h, wykład specjalistyczny.
  3. Seminarium z ekono- i socjofizyki II (kod w USOS: 1101-5sESF1) 30h, seminarium specjalistyczne.

Spring semester

  1. Metody fizyki w ekonomii – wprowadzenie (kod w USOS: 1101-4Eko23) 30h, wykład specjalistyczny.
  2. Fizyka dnia codziennego (kod w USOS: 1101-FDC-OG), 30h, wykład ogólnouniwersytecki.
  3. Wprowadzenie do fizyki złożoności. Fizyka statystyczna sieci złożonych (kod w USOS: 1100-WFZ-OG), 30h , wykład ogólnouniwersytecki.
  4. Seminarium z ekono- i socjofizyki I(kod w USOS:1101-5sESF1),30h, seminarium specjalistyczne.
  5. Proseminarium z fizyki układów złożonych B2+ (kod w USOS: 1101-5Eko25), 30h, proseminarium specjalistyczne.

Some teaching materials for students are placed in the katalog `Econophysics' under the address: http://www.fuw.edu.pl/materialy-IV-V-rok.html

Organizational activity

•Member of the first team in Poland which in the years 1987-88 has installed EARN/bitnet at Faculty of Physics University of Warsaw (cf. `Rewolucja informacyjna: 10lat Internetu w Polsce', ISBN 83-88374-16-8, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Wydział Fizyki, Warszawa 2001.)

•Organizer of Postgraduate Study of Physics and Astronomy at Faculty of Physics University of Warsaw (academic years 1988-89) and its head to 1993 year.

•Organizer (in 2006) and chairman of Physics in Economy (Econophysics) speciality on Faculty of Physics University of Warsaw (from 2006 to now).

•Coorganizer, member of scientific committees of domestic and international conferences, and chair of scientific committee of many scientific conferences, for instance, http://science24.com/event/fens2015/

•Main organizer of the international Econophysics Colloquium 2017 in Warsaw,  http://www.ec2017.org/

Fields of research interest

General interest

•Various random walks (Gaussian and non-Gaussian, in discrete and continuous times) and diffusions (normal and anomalous) on regular and statically & dynamically disordered lattices and networks.

•Complex systems in physics, econophysics, sociophysics, geophysics, biomedical physics, economy including finance, social science.

•Evolving complex networks and their applications in different branches of science.

•Equilibrium and non-equilibrium statistical mechanics and thermodynamics (theory of phase transitions, multifractality, ...) and their applications.

•Stochastic dynamics, Gaussian and non-Gaussian stochastic processes and their various applications.

•Applications of Extreme Value Theory in finance and geophysics.

•Applications of Catastrophe Theory in finance.

•Power-laws, scaling, universality (in physics and beyond)

•Non-Debye relaxation

•Numerical simulations in physics and beyond

Current interest

Inter- and cross-disciplinary science

Physics in finance, economy and social sciences

•Physics of complex systems and pattern formation in spatio-temporal structures, dynamical system theory, pattern recognition, self-organized criticality, prediction of complex systems, time series analysis, complex networks, emergency.

•Prediction of crises and extreme events in complex systems (with applications to finance, economics, sociology, biology, medicine (neuroscience, cardiodynamics), geophysics (earthquakes, rupture, climatology).

•Finance and economics: predictability in financial markets, theory of bubbles and crashes, large risks and tail dependence, theory of derivatives, portfolio optimization, trading strategies, insurance, macro-economics, agent-based models, market microstructure

Physics in biomedicine

•Prediction of epileptic seizure and asthma attack


•Study of earthquakes, ruptures, climate changes.

Recent scientific grants

In the last decade a head of few domestic and international scientific grants, e.g.,

  1. Grant Promotorski MNiSW (ealier KBN) No. GR-2392 (2006/07).
  2. Polish Research Grant No. 119 obtained within the First Competition of the Committee of Scientific Research organized by the National Bank of Poland (2010/11). 
  3. Study and Modelling of Households Incomes in Different Countries and Regions in Europe, Research Grant of EC EUROSTAT EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (SILC) No. EU-SILC/2010/26 (from 2010 to now).

Moreover, in the years 1988-2005 I was the head of the four research grants obtained in winning competitions of the MNiSW (or KBN). All grants received high marks final including one excellent.

List of all publications & scientific characteristic

Science24 (list of publications and their abstracts): http://science24.com/event/econo-erka/journal/?item=3

Google Scholar (list of publications ordered according citations, citation profile): https://scholar.google.pl/citations?user=rIeefdQAAAAJ&hl=en&oi=ao

Research Gate:   List of publications with abstracts, Skills, Research Expertise, Topics, and Disciplines (Physics and Socio-Economical Sciences), Research Connections:https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ryszard_Kutner/ 

Most significant publications: 2005-2018

[1] R. Kutner and J. Masoliver: The continuous time random walk, still trendy: fifty-year history, state of art and outlook, The European Physical Journal B (2017) 90:50; https://epjb.epj.org/component/toc/?task=topic&id=793

[2] M. Jagielski, K. Czyżewski, R. Kutner, H.E. Stanley: Income and wealth distribution of the richest Norwegian individuals: An inequality analysis, Physica A 474 (2017), 330.

[3] M. Kozłowska, M. Denys, M. Wiliński, G. Link,T. Gubiec,T. R.  Werner,R. Kutner,andZ.R.Struzik(Tokyo Univ.):Dynamic bifurcations on financial markets,Chaos, Solitons & Fractals 88(2016), 126.

[4] M. Denys, M. Jagielski, T. Gubiec,R. Kutner, H.E. Stanley (Boston Univ.):Universality of market superstatistics, Phys. Rev. E 94 (2016), 042305.

[5] M. Wiliński, B. Szewczak, T. Gubiec,R. Kutner, Z.R. Struzik(Tokyo Univ.):Temporal condensation and dynamic lambda-transition within the complex network: an application to real-life market evolution, Eur. Phys. J. B 88 (2015), 1.

[ 6] M. Jagielski, R. Duczmal,R. Kutner,Income Distribution in the European Union Versus in the United States, Physica A 433 (2015), 36.

[7] M. Wiliński, A. Sienkiewicz, T. Gubiec,R. Kutner, Z.R. Struzik(Tokyo Univ.):Structural and topological phase transitions on the German Stock Exchange, Physica A 392 (2013), 5963.

[8] M.Jagielski, R. Kutner:Modelling of income distribution in the European Union with the Fokker–Planck equation, Physica A 392 (2013), 2130.

[9] T. Werner, T. Gubiec,R. Kutner, D. Sornette (ETH Zürich):Modeling of super-extreme events: An application to the hierarchical Weierstrass-Mandelbrot Continuous-Time Random Walk in Power-laws in real systems and beyond, The European Physical Journal Special Topics 205 (2012), 27.

[10] T. Gubiec,R. Kutner:Backward jump continuous-time random walk: An application to market trading, Physical Review E 82 (2010), 046119.

[11] A. Kasprzak,R. Kutner, J. Perelló(Univ. of Barcelona), J. Masoliver(Univ. of Barcelona):Higher-order phase transitions on financial markets, The European Journal of Physics B 76 (2010), 513.

[12]J. Perelló (Univ. of Barcelona), J. Masoliver (Univ. of Barcelona), A. Kasprzak, andR. Kutner:Model for interevent times with long tails and multifractality in human communications: An application to financial trading, Physical Review E 78 (2008), 036108.

[13] M. Kozłowska, A. Kasprzak, R. Kutner: Fractional Market Model and its Verification on the Warsaw Stock Exchange, International Journal of Modern Physics C 19 (2008), 453.

[14] M. Kozłowska, R. Kutner: Anomalous transport and diffusion versus extreme value theory, Physica A 357 (2005), 282.

[15] J. Hurkała, M. Gall, R. Kutner, M. Maciejczyk: Real-time numerical simulation of the Carnot cycle, European Journal of Physics 26 (2005), 673.

International scientific cooperation

1)  Prof. Zbigniew R. Struzik, The Tokyo University

2)  Prof. Didier Sornette, ETH Zurich.

3) Research group of prof. Jaume Masoliver, University of Barcelona.

4) Prof. H. Eugene Stanley, Boston University.

Editor of Conference Proceedings and Special Issues

R. Kutner, A. Pękalski, K. Sznajd-Weron (eds.): Anomalous Diffusion. From Basics to Applications. Lecture Notes in Physics Vol. 519, Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1999.

R. Kutner, J. Hołyst (eds): First Polish Symposium on Econo- and Sociophysics, Acta Physica Polonica B 36(8), 2397 (2005).

D. Grech, J. Hołyst, W. Kamiński, R. Kutner, A. Orłowski (eds): Proceedings of the 7th Polish Symposium of Physics in Economy and Social Sciences, Acta Physica Polonica A 127(3-A), A-1 (2015). 

S. Drożdż, D. Grech, R. Kutner, R. Rak (eds.): Proceedings of the 8th Polish Symposium of Physics in Economy and Social Sciences, Acta Physica Polonica A 129(5), 891-1076 (2016) .

R. Kutner, J. Masoliver (eds): Continuous Time Random Walk fifty years on, The European Physical Journal B (2017)  Special Issue, in print,  http://epjb.epj.org/open-calls-for-papers/123-epj-b/1090-ctrw-50-years-on


  • Individual award of the third degree of the MNSWiT in 1978 year for my doctoral thesis.
  • I ndividual award of the second degree for achievements in the scientific research of the Rector of the University of Warsaw, 1979 year.
  • Award of the Director of the IFD WF UW for organizing and directing the Postgraduate Studies for Teachers of Physics, 1982 year.
  • Dean WF UW Award for organizational activities relating to computerization of the WF UW, 1989 year.
  • Editor's Award journal Physics in the School for a series of articles :Kącik fizyki komputerowej, 1990 year.
  • Thanks from the Board of the National Children's Fund for long-term cooperation and in particular for the teaching of youth remarkably gifted, 1993 year.
  • Jubilee Award of the Rector of the University of Warsaw on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of my professional activity, 1995 year.
  • Praise the Rector of the University of Konstanz (Germany) for active participation in the Open Days University, 1995 year.
  • Thanks Editor of the international Journal of Physics for working as a reviewer in 1995-99.
  • Praise Director of the Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Wrocław prof. dr. George Łukierskiego for the joint organization of the Symposium XI Max Born and exemplary fulfillment of the obligations of one of the two directors Symposium (the other was Professor. A. Pękalski of IFT UWr), 1998 year.
  • Organisers II Memorial Festival of Science in 1998. For the teaching of young people.
  • Edited by me (as a leading editor and co-author) PWN Multimedia Encyclopedia of booklet 14 with CD titled: Technique, occupied in 2001 first place in the ranking, the biggest on the Polish market computer magazine: Computer and World, Publishing Axel Springer Poland, among eleven located on the Polish market of multimedia encyclopedia.
  • Jubilee Award of the Rector of the University of Warsaw on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of professional activity, 2004 year.
  • International Awards of the Journal of Physics for working as a reviewer in the years 1995-2001 and 2001-2005.
  • Awards Manager Initiative entitled: "New Emerging Science and Technology", which is part of the 6th EU Framework Programme of the European Union, for reviewing nine international projects in 2004 and 2006.
  • Memorial organizersof the XIII Science Festival in 2008 year for a lecture presentation.
  • Memorial organizers of the XIV Festival of Science in 2010 year for a lecture presentation.
  • Letter of commendation of the President of the Polish National Bank issued in 2011 for promising scientific activity of my research team, which completed a research grant obtained bymy team from the Economic Institute of the NBPfor 2010-2011.
  • Distinguished referee of Physica A and The European Physical Journal B in 2014.

      Laboratory of


and Spectrometry

    Department of Catalysis on Metals

    Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences

Laboratory of X-Ray Powder Diffraction and Spectrometry has been created in 1994 in the Institute of Physical Chemistry (Warsaw,Poland) within the Department of Catalysis on Metals. It was based on the established in 1960-ties by the Department of Catalysis on Metals, X-Ray Laboratory headed by dr A.Janko and later by prof.J.Pielaszek. The laboratory undertakes projects involving widely understood phase analysis and Rietveld refinement of structural data based on laboratory and synchrotron powder diffraction patterns as well as dynamical and kinetic studies in situ in variable, controlled atmosphere and programmed temperature (from R.T.upto~600 oC).

The laboratory specializes also in the analysis of the state of organization of quasi-amorphous materials. Our long time experience and expertise was focused on the studies of such materials using wide angle X-Ray Powder Diffraction as well as Radial Distribution Function method (RDF). We have contributed to the method developing the most accurate to date convolutional method of normalization of the scattering pattern (Kaszkur, J.Appl.Crystall.,23 ,180-185 (1990)). Quality of the method was later confirmed by Cumbrera et al.,J.Appl.Cryst.28, 408-415 (1995) in the paper entirely devoted to our method. We have also developed many numerical techniques to study highly dispersed solids (transition metals) deposited on supports (SiO2,Al 2O3). These techniques include reliable background estimation in the XRD pattern, data smoothing procedures and quantitative analysis oriented towards in situ studies. Recently we develop a series of analytic tools allowing insight into the structure and dynamics of nanocrystalline metalic particles in a chemical reaction environment. These techniques are developed and verified on the basis of molecular simulations. They may detect degree of relaxation or reconstruction of the surface of metal nanoparticles exposed to chemical reagents. We can follow in situ surface violation of the crystal symmetry, nanocrystal reshaping during the reaction or anisotropic reconstruction. This opens up new avenues of insight into the elementary chemical reactions at the atomistic level. The new techniques are developed within the research group "Dynamics of nanocrystal structure induced by surface chemistry" established in 2008. The "proof of concept" papers as well as several studies are listed as methodology papers below.


-X-Ray Diffractometer D5000 (Siemens) equipped with Goebel optics (Cu Ka) (for photo click here ),

-X-Ray Diffractometer Geigerflex (Rigaku-Denki) ( for photo click here ),

-Position Sensitive Detector CPS 120 (Inel), covering 120oarc, with channel separation ~0.03o (for photo click here ),

-Position Sensitive Detector type Brown 50M, covering ~10o arc, with position resolution <80ľm, set up also in scanning mode,

-Strip detector LynxEye (Bruker), allowing for quick parallel detection on 192 solid state strips and significant speed up of the overall pattern measurement (for photo click here ),

-range of our own design chemical reactors- X-ray cameras developed for in situ X-ray studies in a controlled atmosphere in flow of selected gases, mixtures or vapors of particular pressure at selected programmed temperature ( for photo click here ).

-two Mass Spectrometers (1-200 amu, from Hiden and AMETEC) adapted to probe gases in- or outgoing from the XRD camera.

- computer controlled gas supply system with two mass flow controllers from MKS,

-Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer (MiniPal4 from PANanalytical) for elemental analysis of elements with Z>10 (starting from Na) (for photo click here ),

- A range of software packages for powder diffraction data reduction and analysis, purchased as well as developed in the laboratory, complementing our equipment.

Experiments can be fully programmed using bash scripts of O.S. Linux. The scripts include commands for temperature controllers, mass flow controllers, mass spectrometers vacuum pumps, diffractometers etc. - all working in a local network of the Laboratory. The scripts enable detailed programming of the experiment along a precisely designed physico-chemical scenario. This approach simplify achieving full repeatability of the experiments.

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Technical details of the measurement

For analysis we usually require 50-200mg of powdered sample that can be either deposited (smeared over and/or pressed) on a surface of a rectangular piece of porous glass (~10x20 mm) for in situ studies, or pressed into sample holder in the form of a shallow ditch in the surface of glass or plastic. To avoid texture problems occurring on pressing the sample we sometimes use flat surface MYLAR envelopes spread over thin frame or Capton self-adhesive tape. The envelope can be loosely filled with the material under study which, for the materials of low absorption, provides means to use transmission geometry of X-ray Diffraction measurement. In the latter case the amount of the material available has to be increased to 1-2 g (depending on its density).

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Software in use

Among the programs routinely used in the laboratory there are packages for data and structure visualization, powder diffraction pattern synthesis (LAZY-PULVERIX, MERCURY) and Rietveld refinement (GSAS, FULLPROF) or phase analysis (Match, HighScore Plus). For handling long series of data files collected in dynamical in situ measurements we have developed software basing on the concept of the list of data (program INEL). Most of the developed routines can then be applied to survey the desired feature of all marked data patterns from the active list. Such approach enables e.g. extraction of a one-peak characteristics evolution during thermal treatment and/or a phase transition. Thermal expansion coefficient, peakwidth and intensity evolution can thus be reliably calculated and displayed. The program, written in Borland Pascal 7.0 using a user friendly platform of Turbo Vision, is currently rewritten into free pascal Lazarus platform (OS Linux). The program uses data formats as provided by Inel's Diffractinel software as well as ASCII free format.

Development of our software included theoretical simulations of small metallic clusters (graphic interface, energy relaxation, Molecular Dynamics (MD), Monte Carlo (MC), powder diffraction simulation etc.). The modeling encompasses a long range Sutton-Chen potential for metals and Embedded Atom Method. Most of the simulation tools is included into program CLUSTER written as 32 bit Delphi application (currently rewritten to 64 bit Lazarus) and handling a large number of metal atoms limited only by the size of physical memory. For typical fcc metal it enables tracking down consequences of structural details on the diffraction pattern and radial distribution function (RDF) of nanocrystals. The topics which may be addressed this way include thermal expansion and melting of nanocrystals (employing MD), surface segregation in bimetallic nanocrystals (employing MC techniques), surface contraction of metal nanocrystals, impact of surface interactions on the geometry (powder diffraction), surface reconstruction, cluster agglomeration and many other. A specific experiment-oriented approach enables averaging of RDF and diffraction pattern over long MD run as well as estimation of thermal expansion from the shifting position of a main diffraction peak.
Recently the laboratory addressing the general strategy of software investment made a move towards Linux environment and attempts to base most of experimental software on open source projects. Program CLUSTER is being developed in two versions: strictly computational in Linux (Free Pascal) command line mode, and in Linux X-windows environment based on Lazarus. Data acquisition software for INEL CPS120 position sensitive detector is being developed in network based form under Linux GPIB open source project. Also 5 temperature controllers and the environmental camera gas feeding system control have been arranged under Linux with networked, written in c programs. The development allows for easy experiment control via the extensive scripting environment.

The Laboratory has been also involved in EXAFS studies of catalysts using synchrotron radiation (LURE, Daresbury, DESY-Hasylab ) as well as in construction of a laboratory EXAFS spectrometer. The experience gathered profited in the development of EXAFS analysis and simulation program (XAS) written with Turbo Vision platform of Borland Pascal 7.0. The package includes most of a widely used data reduction and normalization routines, FourierTransform, one coordination sphere extraction and fitting, extraction of amplitudes and phases from experiment as well as the use and fitting of simulated data from the worldwide acknowledged FEFF program, with which the package is well integrated.

Older home-based software includes simulation of the stereographic projections of a defined structure along any chosen axis-the program designed to aid single crystal orientation procedure.

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Laboratory staff:

    Current projects

The general subject of interest of the Laboratory is:

Structure of highly dispersed solids (nanocrystals) and its dynamics during physical processes and chemical reaction.

During last years the Laboratory carried research financially supported by the following grants:

  • Research grant 3 T09A 024 16, project “Structure and properties of metal nanoparticles”,granted by Ministry of Science and Higher Education, 1.02.1999-31.01.2002, IChF PAN, principal investigator- Z.Kaszkur.
  • Research grant 4 T09A 180 24, project “Structure dynamics of metal nanoclusters during chemical reaction”,granted by Ministry of Science end Higher Education, 19.05.2003-18.05.2006, IChF PAN, principal investigator- Z.Kaszkur.
  • Research grant -International project non-co-funded : "Segregation dynamics and three-stage melting process of nanocrystalline bimetallic alloys- structure in-situ study and atomistic simulations" 17.08.2010- 31.12.2014, granted by Ministry of Science and Higher Education, decision No 753/N-COST/2010/0, principal investigator- Z.Kaszkur. Contribution: Determination of a Pd-Ag mobility rates in nanoalloy and establishing controll over its segregation state, promoting Pd segregation via CO adsorption. Discovery of a method to uniformize non-uniform Pd-Ag alloy.
  • Research Project N N204097839 :"Structure evolution of metal-catalyst during surface chemical reaction" granted by Ministry of Science and Higher Education, dates 20.08.2010-19.12.2013, principal investigator- Z.Kaszkur. Contribution: Developement and application of a new method of XRD structural studies in situ of nanometals and of dynamics of their surface. Development of a method enabling detection of surface reconstruction effects versus surface relaxation. Discovery and insight into a new process of quick Pt nanocrystal coalescence rationalized via self-lifting reconstruction mechanism.
  • Research Project 2014/13/B/ST4/04619 :"Structure dynamics of nanocrystalline gold during WGS and PROX reactions- new approach to the reaction mechanism", 20.02.2015- , granted by National Science Center of Poland, principal investigator- Z.Kaszkur.
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    Jerzy Pielaszek, professor, PhD, D.Sc.

        M.Sc., 1965- Department of Physics, University of Warsaw, Poland

        Ph.D., 1972- Institute of Physical Chemistry PAS, Warsaw, Poland

        D.Sc., 1996- Department of Physics, Warsaw Technical University, Poland

        Professor, 2004 - Institute of Physical Chemistry PAS, Warsaw, Poland

      Professional affiliations:

    • Polish Crystallographic Association

    • Polish Chemical Society

    Education and cooperation training:
    • 1972 - Commissariat à L´Enérgie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses, France

    • 1974 - University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, Walia, UK

    • 1981-1983 - Nortwestern University, Evanston, USA

    • 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005 - Université Henri Poincaré, Nancy, France

    • X-Ray diffraction
    • X-ray crystallography in material science
    • Structure of nanocrystalline systems (supported catalysts, carbon-metal systems, materials for batteries)

    Selected papers ( since 2002):

    • Pielaszek J., "X-Ray Diffraction from Nanostructured Materials" chapter in: Nanocrystalline Metals and Oxides, Selected Properties and Application, Eds. P. Knauth, J. Schoonman, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002.

    • Juszczyk W., Karpiński Z., Łomot D. and Pielaszek J., Transformation of Pd/SiO2 into palladium silicide during reduction at 450 and 500°C. J. Catal., 220, 299-308 (2003).

    • Skotak M., Karpiński Z., Juszczyk W., Pielaszek J., Kępiński L., Kazachkin D.W., Kovalchuk V.I, d’Itri J.L., „Characterization and catalytic activity of differently pretreated Pd/Al2O3 catalysts. The role of acid sites and palladium alumina interactions”, J.Catal., 227, 11-25(2004).
    • Lisovytskiy D., Kaszkur Z., Pielaszek J., M. Marzantowicz M., J.R. Dygas J.R., “In situ impedance and X-ray diffraction study of phase transformation in lithium manganese spinel”, Solid State Ionics, 176, 2059-2064 (2005);
    •  Dygas J.R., Kopec M., Krok F., Lisovytskiy D., Pielaszek J.,” Conductivity and dielectric relaxation phenomena in lithium manganese spinel”. Solid State Ionics, 176, 2153-2161 (2005);
    • Laberty Robert Ch., Fontaine M.L., Mounis T., Mierzwa B., Lisovytskiy D., Pielaszek J., “X-ray diffraction studies of perovskite or derived perovskite phase formation”. Solid State Ionics, 176, 1213–1223 (2005);

    • Pielaszek J., Mierzwa B., Medjahdi G.,Mareche J.F., Puricelli S., Celzard A., Furdin G. ”Molybdenum carbide catalyst formation from precursors deposited on active carbons; XRD studies”. Appl. Catal. A-Gen., 296, 232-237 (2005).

    • Kopeć M., Lisovytskiy D., Marzantowicz M., Dygas J.R., Krok F., Kaszkur Z., Pielaszek J., „X-ray diffraction and impedance spectroscopy studies of lithium manganeze oxide spinel”, J.Power Sources, 159, 412-419 (2006).

    • Fontaine M.L., Laberty-Robert C., Verelst M., Pielaszek J., Lenormand P., Ansart F., Tailhades P., “Synthesis of La2NiO4+ð oxides by sol-gel process: Structural and microstructural evolution from amorphous to nanocrystallized powders”, Mater.Res.Bull., 41, 1747-1753 (2006).
    • Pielaszek J., Dygas J.R. Krok F., Lisovytskiy D., Kopeć M., Marzantowicz M., „X-ray diffraction and electric measurements of phase transformation in Li-Mn spinels” Solid State Phenomena, 130, 63-68 (2007).

    Total number of publications: 104.

      Zbigniew Kaszkur, associate professor, PhD, DSc.

        M.Sc - Warsaw University, Faculty of Physics, in "Mathematical Methods of Physics", 1977.

        Ph.D - Institute of Physical Chemistry Polish Academy of Science, in Solid State Physics, 1987,

        D.Sc - Warsaw Technical University, Faculty of Physics, in Solid State Physics, 2008.

        Field of research
        Powder Difraction, Atomistic Simulations, Diffraction on nanocrystals, Radial Distribution Function analysis, Interpretation of surface phenomena on metal nanocrystals via diffraction.

        Professional affiliations:

      • Assoc.Professor in the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences
      • Head of Laboratory of X-ray Powder Diffractometry and Spectrometry in the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences
      • Head of the workgroup “Dynamics of nanocrystal structure induced by surface chemistry” (IPC PAS), see http://groups.ichf.edu.pl/kaszkur/
      • Deputy Head of the Department of Catalysis on Metals in Institute of Physical Chemistry PAS,
      • Lecturer in Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University (crystallography),
      • Coordnator of Working Group 2 in COST Action MP0903,
      • Member of the Committee of Crystallography in Polish Academy of Sciences (term 2007-2010, 2011-2014, 2015-2018)
      • Secretary of Polish Crystallographic Association for the term 2010-2012, 2013-2016.
      • Secretary and Board member of Polish Synchrotron Radiation Society (2012-2014, 2015-2017).
      • Former board member of the Polish Physical Society (Warsaw Branch),
      • Member of IPC Scientific Council 1987-1989, 1993-1995, 2011-2013, 2013-2015, 2015-2017,
      • Guest editor for Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Acta Physica Polonica A, Journal of X-Ray Spectrometry, Crystal Research and Technology.
          • Research areas:

            Structural analysis of highly dispersed and amorphous solids,

            Dynamical and in situ powder diffraction of highly dispersed metals,

            Molecular simulations of metal nanoclusters and bimetallic nanosystems,

            Diffraction full profile and peak shape analysis,

            Radial Distribution Function analysis,

            Interpretation of surface phenomena on metal nanocrystals via diffraction,

            Transport phenomena in the nanoworld.

          Selected methodology papers:

        1. Kaszkur Z., Rzeszotarski P., Juszczyk W., Powder Diffraction in studies of nanocrystal surfaces - chemisorption on Pt. J.Appl.Cryst., 47, 2069-2077(2014)
        2. Kaszkur Z., Mierzwa B., Juszczyk W.,Rzeszotarski P., Łomot D., Quick low temperature coalescence of Pt nanocrystals on silica exposed to NO- the case of reconstruction driven growth? RSC Adv ., 4(28), 14758 – 14765 (2014).
        3. Rzeszotarski P., Kaszkur Z., "Surface reconstruction of Pt nanocrystals interacting with gas atmosphere. Bridging the pressure gap with in situ diffraction". Phys.Chem.Chem.Phys., 11, 5416 - 5421(2009)
        4. Kaszkur Z., "Test of applicability of some powder diffraction tools to nanocrystals". Z. Krist.23, 147-154 (2006).
        5. Kaszkur Z., Mierzwa B., Pielaszek J., "Ab initio test of the Warren-Averbach analysis on model palladium nanocrystals". J. Appl. Cryst.38, 266-273 (2005).
        6. Kaszkur Z., "Direct observation of chemisorption induced changes in concentration profile in Pd-Au alloy nanosystems via in situ X-ray powder diffraction". Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.6, 193-199(2004).
        7. Kaszkur Z., "Nanopowder diffraction analysis beyond the Bragg law applied to Palladium". J. Appl. Cryst.33, 87-94(2000).
        8. Kaszkur Z., "Powder Diffraction beyond the Bragg law: study of palladium nanocrystals". J. Appl. Cryst.33, 1262-1270(2000).
        9. Kaszkur Z.A., Mierzwa B., Segregation in model palladium-cobalt clusters, Phil. Mag. A77, 781-800(1998).
        10. Kaszkur Z., General Approach to the Radial Distribution Function Analysis of Solid Carbons,.Fuel , 69, 834-839 (1990).
        11. Kaszkur Z., Convolutional Approach to the Normalisation of Intensity Scattered by Polycrystalline Substances, J.Appl.Cryst., 23 ,180-185 (1990).
        12. Kaszkur Z., The Influence of the Texture on Radial Distribution Function of Solid Carbons, J.Appl.Cryst. , 22 (3),205(1989).
        13. Kaszkur Z., Stachurski J., Pielaszek J., X-Ray Diffraction Study of the Palladium-Carbon System, J.Phys.Chem.Solids , 47 ,795(1986).

          Selected other papers from 2009:

        1. Bonarowska M., Kaszkur Z., Łomot D., Rawski M., Karpiński Z., Effect of gold on catalytic behavior of palladium catalysts in hydrodechlorination of tetrachloromethane. Applied Catalysis B, Environmental, 162, 45-56 (2015).
        2. Tabakova T., Ilieva L., Ivanov I, Zanella R., Sobczak J.W., Lisowski W., Kaszkur Z., Andreeva D., Influence of the preparation method and dopants nature on the WGS activity of gold catalysts supported on doped by transition metals ceria. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental ,136 - 137, 70 - 80.(2013).
        3. Prochowicz D., Justyniak I., Kornowicz A., Kaczorowski T., Kaszkur Z., Lewiński J. Construction of a Porous Homochiral Coordination Polymer with Two Types of CunIn Alternating Units Linked by Quinine: A Solvothermal and a Mechanochemical Approach. Chem.Eur.J., 18 (24), 7367-7371 (2012).
        4. Iwanek, E., Krawczyk, K., Petryk, J., Sobczak, J.W., Kaszkur, Z. Direct nitrous oxide decomposition with CoOx-CeO2 catalysts. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 106 (3-4), 416-422 (2011).
        5. Bury W., Krajewska E., Dutkiewicz M., Sokołowski K., Justyniak I., Kaszkur Z. Kurzydłowski K.J., Płociński T., Lewiński J. Tert-Butylzinc hydroxide as an efficient predesigned precursor of ZnO nanoparticles. Chemical Communications, 47 (19), 5467-5469 (2011).
        6. Lewiński J., Kaczorowski T., Prochowicz D., Lipińska T., Justyniak I., Kaszkur Z., Lipkowski J., Cinchona Alkaloid-Metal Complexes: Noncovalent Porous Materials with Unique Gas Separation Properties. Angewandte Chemie, 49, 7035-7039 (2010).
        7. Bonarowska M., Kępiński L., Kaszkur Z., Karpiński Z., Hydrodechlorination of tetrachloromethane on alumina- and silica-supported platinum catalysts. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 99, 248-256 (2010).
        8. Truszkiewicz E., Raróg-Pilecka W., Schmidt-Szałowski K., Jodzis S., Wilczkowska E., Łomot D., Kaszkur Z., Karpiński Z., Kowalczyk Z., Barium - promoted Ru/carbon catalyst for ammonia synthesis. State of the system when operating. Journal of Catalysis, 265, 181-190 (2009).

        Total number of ICI indexed publications: ~80.
        about 60 presentations in international conferences, many expertises for pharmaceutical industry. List of all publications.

        Link to Zbigniew Kaszkur home page

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        Contact address

        E-mail x-ray@ichf.edu.pl

        Institute of Physical Chemistry PAS

        Warszawa 01-224, ul. Kasprzaka 44/52

        Telephone : (22)3433284 or 3433417

        Fax : (22)3423450

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        Last modified: 03/30/2015 16:30

        by Zbigniew Kaszkur - zbig@ichf.edu.pl

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