Terrorism means the policy of striking terror in the minds of the people by violent methods to achieve some ends. It is a law of the jungle to use muscle power and force to get things done. It is a barbarian act. Of late, terrorism has become the order of the day.
People who are disgruntled and who are unable to get their desires fulfilled by normal and accepted methods in society are resorting to terrorism. Some othe4r causes for which terrorism is resorted to may be genuine like a protest from people to come out of bondage or fight for freedom. Even such causes do not support terrorism, when there are other channels and methods to solve the problem.
Terrorism has now become an international phenomenon. There are terrorists in developed and advanced countries as well as developing countries like India. We must find out the reasons for emergence of terrorism. There has been exploitation of the weak and the poor for centuries by the rich and the powerful. All representations and appeals of non-violent nature failed to yield any response. Hence the frustrated and the oppressed resort to violence as there is no other alternative. Such protests are also called terrorist activities. There is another type, that is, where one uses force on the weak to gain his ends; sit may be to serve the cause of a religion, a language or to establish a new pattern of government.
The communist movements which resort to force, and the armed protests which Netaji subhas Chandra Bose led, in the name of eh Indian National Army (I.N.A) cannot be termed as terrorist activities. Protests like Khalistan Movement carried on earlier in Punjab, the armed protest marches of Assam and the L.T.T.E. Movement of Sri Lanka are not justifiable movements. They could always use other forums of a non-violent nature if they have any grievances to be redressed. The hijacking of the Indian Airlines Plane in December 1999 is also another ugly face of terrorism. The worst type of terrorism was that of Idi Amin of Uganda who let loose terrorism in his country to serve his personal ends. Whether terrorism is justified or not, it has of late become the normal method for achieving one’s ends.
Terrorism is not confined to any area or activity. It is finding its place in the elections conducted in our country to elect members to legislatures and parliament. Many a time the candidates are found taking the help of terrorists to win their elections, as violence has its own place in and election campaign. As long as violence pays dividends much more easily and is allowed to go unchecked, the animal in man favors its use instead of peaceful methods.
Governments all over the world are doing their best to put and end to terrorism. There are a few who encourage and support terrorism in other countries to meet their own political ends. The U.N.O. also is unable to completely eliminate this evil, even though it is able to contain it. But use of violence to check violence is not a permanent solution.
The only remedy to this evil appears to be the diagnosis of the root cause for each act of terrorism and if there is a genuine reason behind it, it is better to concede the demand. If terrorism is based on issues which are immoral and not acceptable, the sure and powerful weapon against it appears to be non violent “satyagraha” introduced by Mahatma Gandhi.
GLOBAL TERRORISM – AMENACE TO HUMANITY
THE FIGHT AGAINST TERRORISM—THE NEED OF THE HOUR
The world is today witnessing a rise of terrorist activities in different parts of the world. A number of groups, owing allegiance to some political ideology or some particular religious beliefs, have chosen the path of violence and terror to achieve their objects. These vested interests are rabid fundamentalists or fanatics having no sanctity for life. The know no principles or values. They believe in the power of the gun and want to achieve their objects overnight.
While some of these groups are fighting for control over some pieces of land, others are fighting for spreading their own ideology or religious philosophies. They choose to defy public opinion and refuse to see reason. They think that their own view point or stand is the only right view point or stand, and that they have a right to convert other people to their thinking by force. For this avowed purpose they do not hesitate from committing the worst of crimes including murder of innocent citizens, looting or burning property, kidnapping people, hijacking planes and creating terror in one way or the other.
Some of the important terrorist organizations operating in different parts of the world have already been identified. The Al0Aaeda in Afghanistan, the Jaishe Mohmmad and the Lashker-e-Toiba based in Pakistan, the Palestine Liberation Organisation in the Middle East, the LTTE in Sri Lanka, the Maoists in Nepal, the Naxalite organization called People’s War Group (PWA) in parts of India, the Naga National Council, several pro—Pakistan groups operating in Jammu and Kashmir, the Irish Army in the U.K., etc. are already playing havoc in their respective areas. The number of these organizations is so large that it is difficult to list them out. They have their own training systems where they catch hold of young boys and indoctrinate them in subtle ways through guile, treachery, temptations or money. At several places they are running their own schools to ‘Catch them young’ and wash their brains. Some of the Madarsas being run by Muslim fundamentalists are allegedly involved in this type of activities.
It would on September 11, 2001 that the world woke up to the dangers of this terrible menace. A group of Al- Qaeda terrorists, guided and supported by the Taliban leader Osama Bin Laden based in Afghanistan, struck terror in the U.S.A. in a big way. They hijacked four US planes from some US civilian airports. While one of these planes hit against the US headquarters in Pentagon, another two planed brought down the towering World Trade Centre, killing at least 5000 innocent US citizens. The fourth, luckily, missed the target. It was, the reports say, scheduled to hit the White House, the residence of the US president.
George Bush, the President of the USA, swung into action and ordered US air force to attack Afghanistan and bring the terrorists to book. In a massive attack, the Talibans were defeated and destroyed and a new government came to control Afghanistan. Similarly America attacked Iraq as President Saddam himself appeared to be a big terror. Iraq was badly damaged. A group of terrorists trained in Pakistan attacked the Indian Parliament House on December 13, 2001 even when the Parliament was in session. The Indian security personnel killed all the five attackers on the spot but the incident shook whole of the country and the world. The war against terrorists is continuing and the world community has decided to continue to fight till terrorism is fully wiped out from the face of this earth.
The UNO has, in a resolution, called upon various nations to join hands and work as United Alliance to face this threat of terrorism anywhere at any time in the world.
Pak-trained terrorists continue to cross over to India and let loose a reign of terror in J & K. Terrorism has already taken a heavy toll of life and property. It is a shame that even as the human civilization is marching ahead, some people are bent upon pushing the world back to the age of barbarism and brutality full of chaos and indiscipline. The law of the jungle will take us nowhere. We can only pray for good sense of prevail so that the world is able to share and enjoy the blessings bestowed upon mankind by new leaps in the field of science and technology.
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